Ever since the existence of refrigeration and HVAC systems, we have often come across a term known as the refrigerant. Have you ever wondered what exactly a refrigerant is? For those who don’t know about it, here is the bookish definition of the term refrigerant. It is basically a particular substance or just a mixture of substances that are formed in the fluid or gaseous forms. The refrigerant has its primary use in the heating pumps and the refrigeration cycles. Most of these cycles see the transformation of Refrigerants from liquid to gas. Some of the notable examples of refrigerants that we could find would be fluorocarbons, sulfur dioxide, ammonia and so much more. This post is dedicated to discussing some of the applications of refrigerants or freezers, the molecular sieve filter drier that is used in the refrigeration systems and so much more. You will also get to learn a lot about the filter drier installation that helps in the extraction of moisture from the refrigerants.
Commercial and Personal Uses of Freezer and Refrigerants
The refrigerants like carbon dioxide, ammonia, and the other non-halogenated portions of hydrocarbons are not responsible for the depletion of the ozone layers. These refrigerants also don’t have any or just a little bit of potential in harming the global climate as well. Hence these freezers or refrigerants are mostly used in the proper air conditioning systems that are provided in the buildings, leisure, and sports facilities. Apart from that, these freezers also have a very important use in the pharmaceutical industries, automotive organizations and most importantly the food industry as well. The emissions that come out from the air conditioning systems provided in the automobile industries can, however, be considered as a particular growing concern only because they have a significant impact on the change of the climate. There have been some changes made for that as the unions have successfully managed to phase out most of the refrigerants that have the potential for global warming in any way. Using the CO2 refrigerants is a very beneficial alternative that people can use since it is pretty much non-flammable and hence will not be able to harm the ozone layers. So, these refrigerants might just have better use in the cars, hot water pumps, commercial refrigeration, residential cooling, and the vending machines as well.
Importance of Freezer and Refrigerant in Daily Life
As we all know, there are many different uses of having refrigerants and freezers in the daily life of the people. Most of these refrigerants surely have a lot of commercial uses, but they can also be used in the day-to-day lives of the people. For example, freezers are a very important part of the refrigeration cycles. So, this means that they are a great addition to the refrigerators in the homes of people. These refrigerants help in keeping the food in the home quite fresh and healthy to eat at any time. Most of the time, having fresh fruits and vegetables is really important. The refrigerants help in controlling the temperature of the refrigerator and hence help in the cooling of the foods. With the low temperature, there is no possibility for the growth of bacteria that plays a very important role in the degradation of the food. Another one of the most important uses of having refrigerants for our daily lives is that they help a lot in enhancing the air-conditioning system of the houses. There is no doubt about the fact that air conditioning is very important, not just for the people but the electronic devices as well. Keeping the devices cool and at a very low temperature helps in the extension of their lives. Most of the electronic devices also come with a separate air conditioning system that uses the refrigerants in order to maintain a cool temperature. Apart from that, the HVAC systems in the homes of people also use the refrigerants in order to make sure that the air that comes out is always cool and refreshing.
Freezer & Refrigerants Major Malfunctions
Most of the chillers and the air-conditioning systems suffer from the problems of reduced efficiency because the freezers and refrigerants get contaminated with excess water, oil, acid, and air as well. if these contaminants are available on the refrigerants in more quantities, then it can lead to several issues such as failure of the systems.
Oil is one of the components that can provide some harmful effects to the working of the cooling systems in the devices. However, not much has actually been done in order to locate or remove the oil that is present in the cooling system. There are several reasons behind that. Oil might just decrease the efficiency of the system but it necessarily doesn’t do any harm other than that. Oil can be considered a lesser harmful contaminant when compared to others such as moisture and acid. Acid Formation When we talk about the harmful contaminants that actually lead to the destruction of the systems, then acids are the first things that come to mind. The acid development in these freezers or refrigerants on the heat pumps, refrigerators, air conditioners, and other devices can be responsible for the life-shortening of the refrigerant. There are many possible reasons for the formation of acids. It could be due to the different chemical reactions that happen in between the different materials and components. Most of the time, the impurities inside the refrigerants can also be responsible for the creation of acids. Apart from that, an increase in the temperature also accelerates the formation of acids in the refrigerants Too Much Moisture The presence of moisture in these freezers and refrigerants is certainly one very common problem that can take place. It will also be very expensive to treat as well.
The refrigerant that has moisture in it will not just affect the efficiency of the refrigeration system. It will also be responsible for some serious long-term damage to the system in many different ways. If the moisture is not detected and removed with the help of filter drier in the refrigeration system, then it can result in several expensed related to the repair and downtime of the system as well. Moisture can lead to the formation of ice in the valves which causes further blockage. Also, it can make a mixture with the oils present inside the system compressor in order to form harmful acids and then attack all the motor windings which will further lead to burnout. Moisture also has an effect on the bearings as it makes them seize. Apart from that, it can also block the flow of the oils as well. So, these are some of the dangerous malfunctions that can occur in the freezers and the refrigerants. It is important to use a refrigerator filter drier to solve these problems. We will get to that in a while.
How Is Acid Formed In Refrigerants Due To Moisture Issues?
When it comes to the effects of moisture, acid formation is one of the most common effects that can cause harm to the refrigerants and ultimately the cooling system as well. The moisture accumulates in the refrigerants in different degrees. With the increase of moisture, it starts to mix up with the other materials present in the refrigerant. As a result, the mixture is then open to react with anything. Most of the time, it happens that the mixture of moisture and the refrigerant reacts along with the different lubricating oils and various other materials that are present in the system. This leads to the formation of strong compounds that have a corrosive nature. We all know that the chemical reactions that happen in the system often lead to the formation of acids. These acids that are formed can actually damage the valves, bearing journals, seals, and other important parts of the cooling system. Sometimes, the acids present can also cause the compressor to burn completely and thus degrading the cooling efficiency of the system. With the help of the molecular sieve desiccants present in the filter driers that are used for the extraction of moisture, these moisture issues can be prevented. Let us get to know a little bit more about it.
Troubleshooting the Acid Formation Due to Moisture Issues
We all surely know by now that the major reason for the formation of acids in the refrigerants would have to be the moisture that is present in these components. However, there is a solution to that problem as well. The filter driers with molecular sieve RH3 and molecular sieve RH9 are some of the options to go for. One of the primary functions of the filter drier is to make sure that the moisture is completely removed from the refrigerant systems. There are many different sources from which moisture will be able to enter the system. Improper evacuation due to trapped air and leaks in the systems are some of the reasons. The moisture that is present in the refrigerant system will be responsible for the metallic corrosion of the components. Apart from that, the moisture in the system also has the potential to form several organic acids which in turn will affect the operation of the components. In order to make sure that the formation of the acids is minimized, it is imperative to stop or pause the formation of moisture in the refrigerant. This can easily be done with the help of a filter drier. The filter drier uses the molecular sieve in order to make sure that the moisture is taken out from the refrigerant. We will get to know about that in a while.
Selecting the Desiccant for the Filter Drier: Molecular Sieve Introduction
For the removal of the components that might harm the refrigerant, the filter driers are used by every single industry. However, without the use of the proper desiccant, the filter driers will not be of any use. Here we are going to provide you with an introduction to a filter drier desiccant which is known as the molecular sieve. When you are selecting the perfect desiccant for the filter-drier, there are many different factors that are supposed to be considered. The water-absorbing capacity, the lubricant and refrigerant compatibility and so much more factors need to have special importance when selecting the proper desiccant for the filter drier. If the proper desiccant is not selected, then you might have to go for a refrigerator filter drier replacement. Let us start with the water capacity, people. The water capacity can be defined as the ability of the desiccant to hold the water. We all know that the function of the filter drier is to make sure that the levels of moisture in the refrigerants always remain low. So, the more water capacity a desiccant has, the better it will be for the refrigerant. The molecular sieve helps a lot when it comes to retaining the amount of water. These sieves have got the highest capacity for water absorption and hence can be easily used for the task. The molecular sieve would absorb the moisture and help in keeping a low concentration of the refrigerant water. The strong bonds that take place between the moisture and the molecular sieve are the reasons behind that. It is by keeping the water levels in the system very low, the corrosion problems, freeze-ups, and the formation of acids can be effectively minimized.
There is the activated alumina that can be used in order to retain a little amount of all the moisture, but the retention capacity isn’t really that great as is seen in the amazing molecular sieve that we have. It is also recommended that when it comes to the molecular sieves in the filter driers, they help in water removal in the most efficient way. Apart from the water capacity, the lubricant and refrigerant compatibility also plays a very important role in the selection of a particular desiccant. The organic and inorganic acids form due to the reactions that happen in the systems. These acids have the potential to damage the entire refrigerant system. Without having a proper desiccant these acids can also enter the valves and other important areas to cause severe damage there as well. This is where the molecular sieves come to help again. The acid removing the capacity of the desiccant depends on the size of it. If you want to know all the about the molecular sieve sizes, then you can take the help of the molecular sieve size chart. The different pore sizes present in the molecular sieve help in the removal of the molecules of organic acid in the best way.
There is another factor that would decide the selection of the desiccant for the filter drier. The desiccant strength is a very important factor to consider. The desiccants that are inserted in the refrigerant filter driers need to be quite strong so that they can resist the effects of the different surges and vibrations that are caused in the system. The molecular sieve XH-7 receiver drier certainly has the strength that is required in order making sure that the changes in the systems don’t have any negative effects on them. Molecular sieve XH 7 and XH 3 are some of the molecular sieves that are most commonly used in the refrigerant systems due to their moisture absorption capabilities. These honey-comb shaped structures are very uniform in the size and help in the absorbing of the moisture molecules that are present in the refrigerants. If you select the proper filter drier along with the perfect desiccant, then absorbing the larger moisture molecules as well as the smaller molecules will be pretty easy. Another great thing about the molecular sieves is that they are entirely coated with some positive charges which are known as the cation. These cations help in attracting the molecules that are polarized, just like water. So, there is no doubt about the fact that the filter driers that have molecular sieves in them will be able to keep moisture away and thus prevent freeze-ups, acid formation, and several other issues in the refrigerant system.
Does Size Matter When it Comes to Choosing a Filter Drier
Most of the time, it happens that the differences in the size of the filter driers create confusion in the minds of the people. Now, the question that arises here is whether the filter drier size is actually that important or you need to focus on the other factors more. To be honest, the size of the filter drier is not really that big a deal when it comes to the consideration of the other factors. Although there is a direct relation between the capacity of the filter and the volume, it is also true that the type of the desiccant that is used in the filter drier also plays a very important role in the selection of the filter drier. Always going for the biggest of the filter drier might not be the option that will always provide the best of the results. Even if you do that, you need to make sure that you know how to replace filter drier so that you don’t face any problems in the future. Knowing the filter drier location is also very important in order to replace it.
Working Principles of Filter Drier with the Help of Molecular Sieves
There is no doubt about the fact that the molecular sieves are some of the best desiccants that can be used in the filter driers. That is because of the high water capacity that they have. When it comes to discussing the working principle of the filter driers with the help of molecular sieves, there are several things that come to mind. The molecular sieve that is present in the filter drier has a crystalline structure that helps in the absorption of the water that is present in the refrigerant systems. Apart from that, the molecular sieves also play a very important role in removing the organic acids which are caused due to the contamination of moisture and the other components that are present in the refrigerant systems Furthermore, these sieves are the perfect solution for the compressor burns, corrosion problems, acid formation, and a plethora of other problems that often occur in the refrigerant systems as well. That is not it as the filter driers also take the help of molecular sieve in the filtration processes as well. The molecular sieves help in removing the solder particles, scales, and various other foreign elements that can block the compressors and the valves. Thus, it can be safely concluded that these sieves play a very important role in the filtration of the refrigerants. The larger and the smaller particles are caught by the pores of the molecular sieve, thus providing a clear way for the movement of other essential materials. Knowing all about the molecular sieves and its use in the filter dries of the refrigerant systems will surely provide you with an idea about how the system works and what can be done in order to improve on the issues that crop up with the modern-day refrigeration systems. With the help of the proper desiccants such as molecular sieves, users will be able to ensure that their air conditioning and refrigeration systems stay in a proper state always. For those who want to know about the molecular sieve price, going to the best molecular sieve suppliers would be recommended.
About Sorbead India
Sorbead India, a company created in the year 1996, is one of the best molecular sieve suppliers in India. Known to be one of the leading names in the history of desiccant suppliers in India, this company has got a reputation that cannot be matched by anyone else. The ISO 9001-2015 Certified Company currently holds the reputation of being a reliable source for high-quality desiccants such as molecular sieves and other components that are manufactured by some of the most trusted hands and production units. The company stands face-to-face with top-class support and quality for the customers and is famous for creating desiccants for the companies of very high stature. The services of the company are always dedicated to the welfare of the industries and will remain the same.